Hemp Terms & Definitions
Below is a growing list of commonly used terms for Industrial Hemp. Your welcome to use this information but please be sure to cite GrowHempColorado.com as your source. Thank you.
INDUSTRIAL HEMP COMMONLY USED TERMS
BLOOM/FLOWERING GROWTH CYCLE - The flowering stage is the one that all cultivators have been waiting for. It is when your cannabis plants put all of their effort into growing large, lush resin covered buds or seed in the case of Industrial Hemp.
In nature/the outdoors. this is triggered towards the end of Summer/early Autumn (with the exception of the auto flowering ruderalis). The decreasing amount of light each day signals to the cannabis plants that their lives are coming to an end; in response they trigger their reproduction cycles in order to ensure their species preservation.
Growing indoors gives you a lot of control over this stage as it is a completely artificial setting. When you are ready for you marijuana to enter the flowering stage you can change your photoperiod to simulate the change of seasons. For example, lets say you are running your grow room on an 18/6 photoperiod; by changing to 12/12 you are effectively telling your plant that it is time to start thinking about reproduction
CANNABIS - Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants that includes three different species, Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. These species are indigenous to Central and South Asia. "'It's an external source of nutritional value that naturally introduces many external compounds that already exist within the body."
CANNABINOID - Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Of over 480 different compounds present in the plant, only around 66 are termed cannabinoids.
The most well known among these compounds is the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (As-THC), which is the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. Cannabidiol (CBD) is another important component, which makes up varied % of the plant resin extract.
"Canabinoids ~ refers collectively to a unique variety of chemicals both found in nature (animal and plant) and manufactured synthetically. Phytocanabinoids is one way of referring to the active chemicals in the cannabis plant. Endocanabinoids refers to cannabinoids found naturally within the host (usually referring to a human); these are the ones made by our own bodies. Exogenouscannabinoids refer to cannabinoids that we take into our body from a foreign source (usually the cannabis plant or a synthetic drug).
CANOPY STRUCTURE - is the organization or spatial arrangement (three-dimensional geometry) of a plant canopy. Leaf Area Index (LAI), leaf area per unit ground area, is a key measure used to understand and compare plant canopies.It is also taller than the understory layer. The canopy layer provides protection from strong winds and storms, while also intercepting sunlight and precipitation, leading to a relatively sparsely vegetated understory layer. (The better the Canopy, the less weeds to pull.)
CBD - Cannabidiol is one of at least 85 active cannabinoids identified in cannabis. It is a major phytocannabinoid, accounting for up to 40% of the plant's extract. CBD is considered to have a wider scope of medical applications than tetrahydrocannabinol.
CLONE - an organism or cell, or group of organisms or cells. produced asexually from one ancestor or stock, to which they are genetically identical. Ie. a person or thing regarded as identical to another.
verb: clone; 3rd person present: clones; past tense: cloned; past participle: cloned; gerund or present participle: cloning - propagate (an organism or cell) as a clone.
CONCENTRATE - Cannabis concentrates (cannabis oil, butter, wax or shatter) are the cannabinoids of the cannabis plant that have been extracted using one of the many known extraction methods such as alcohol, butane or Co2. They are significantly more potent than regular hashish or cannabis flowers and their applications as medicine have proven to be diverse and effective; however, the extraction of cannabis concentrates is a complex and potentially dangerous process-the methodology required for proper extraction is so precise that individuals who produce cannabis extracts of especially high quality are considered “extract artists,"
CULTIVAR - Cultivars (short for cultivated varieties) are plants you buy that have been propagated not from seed, but rather vegetative (e.g., via stem cuttings). With this method of propagation, you can be sure that the offspring will retain the characteristics of the parents for just the one generation. Le., plants grown from the seeds of cultivars may disappoint you, failing to stay true to form.
When the full scientific name for a particular plant cultivar is given, the part of the name that indicates the cultivar itself follows the genus name and the species name and is set off by single quotation marks. By referring to such plants in this way, we're able to be more specific about them than if we restricted ourselves to noting genus and species.
DECARBOXILATION -is a chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide (C02). Usually, decarboxylation refers to a reaction of carboxylic acids, removing a carbon atom from a carbon chain.
DIOECIOUS - 1; having male reproductive organs in one individual and female in another; 2: having staminate and pistillate flowers borne on different individuals
ESSENTIAL 0IL - An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants. Essential oils are also known as volatile oils, ethereal oils, aetherolea, or simply as the "oil of" the plant from which they were extracted, such as oil of clove. An oil is "essential" in the sense that it contains the "essence of" the plant's fragrance->the characteristic fragrance of the plant from which it is derived
EXTRACTION - Various methods which are use to take out and or remove various plants compounds and benefits such as THC, CBD etc.
HEMP NUT: aka hulled hempseed, shelled hempseed, hemp hearts. Now the most-important economic driver for modern hemp, first introduced to wide national distribution in US and Canada supermarkets and natural food stores in 1996 by Richard Rose, and subsequently used in 15 hemp products under the HempNut brand. Still the least-cost producer ever, using a global supply chain organic Hemp Nut sold for as low as $1.67/#. It's now >75% of Canadian hemp, even at $4/#. Once considered so generic, two hemp associations demanded the trademark. Hanfnusse in German, also Geschalte Hanfsamen ("peeled hempseed").
HEMP PRESSED SEED 0IL - An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants. Essential oils are also known as volatile oils, ethereal oils, aetherolea, or simply as the "oil of" the plant from which they were extracted, such as oil of clove. An oil is "essential" in the sense that it contains the "essence of" the plant's fragrance--the characteristic fragrance of the plant from which it is derived
INDUSTRIAL HEMP - industrial hemp is the non-psychoactive, low-THC, oilseed and fiber varieties of the plant Cannabis sativa. Hemp has absolutely no use as a recreational drug. 0.3% THC or below.
MARIJUANA - The term ` `marihuana" means all parts of the plant Cannabis sativa L., whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; the resin extracted from any part of such plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such plant, its seeds or resin. Such term does not include the mature stalks of such plant, fiber produced from such stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of such plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such mature stalks (except the resin extracted therefrom), fiber, oil, or cake, or the sterilized seed of such plant which is incapable of germination. 21 USC BUZ(d) (16)
MONECIOUS - Having male and female reproductive organs in the same plant or animal.
NON TRADITIONAL HEMP FARMING - Little to No pollination, little to no seed creation, typically planted in green house or outdoors as clones not seed. Usually requires early harvest, more financial investment and labor intensive. High CBD, high in tricomes, and flower/buds are harvested. Female only cannabis plants.
ODXIDIZATION - Any chemical reaction in which a material gives up electrons, as when the material combines with oxygen.(L) ,dues/110.19%
TERPENES -in simple terms, terpenes are what you can smell in the cannabis plant. Terpenes are very beneficial and those benefits still have much study to go.
THC Delta 9 - The Institute of Medicine published in its Mar. 1999 report titled "Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base":
"Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-S-THC) is the primary psychoactive ingredient [in marijuana]; depending on the particular plant, either THC or cannabidiol is the most abundant cannabinoid in marijuana, the psychoactivity of marijuana has been attributed largely to the effects of Delta-9-THC.
THC-A- Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA, AEI-THCA, 2-CO0H-THC), is a biosynthetic precursor of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active component of Cannabis. When purified, it forms a powder which is unstable in the presence of acids, heat, oxygen, and/or light.
THCA is found in variable quantities in fresh, undried cannabis, but is progressively decarboxylated to THC with drying, and especially under intense heating such as when cannabis is smoked
TRADITIONAL HEMP FARMING- pollinated crop of hemp which creates seeds and not buds, no use of female only clones
TRICHOMES - fine outgrowths on plants, play several important functions for plants, primary protecting the next generation of genetic material, the seeds, as dictated by natural selection and survival.
VARIETY - "variety" (sometimes abbreviated var.) arises naturally in the plant kingdom, and plants grown from its seeds will typically come out true to type. If you remember that "cultivar" stands for "cultivated variety," you'll have no problem remembering the difference between the two. Whereas a plain old "variety" is a natural phenomenon, a cultivated variety has been produced via human intervention
--just as a cultivated piece of land has been altered to suit human needs, as opposed to one left in its natural state. In fact, "cultivated" derives from the Latin word meaning "to till (the soil)."When a variety is named, it appears differently than a cultivar name does. Rather than being presented in single quotes, it is italicized and in lower case --just like the species name, which it follows.
VEGETATIVE GROWTH CYCLE - The period of growth between germination and flowering is known as the vegetative phase of plant development. During the vegetative phase, plants are busy carrying out photosynthesis and accumulating resources that will be needed for flowering and reproduction. Different types of plants show different growth habits. The movies in this section will document various growth processes that occur during the vegetative phase of development.